Climate change is induced by emissions of carbon dioxide (accounts 70% of human induced green house gases) – mainly as a result of burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. Agricultural activity also plays a significant role in persuading, mainly by producing methane, the second most important green house gases.
Research suggests that the higher mean temperatures will increase pest developmental rates and fecundity, the frequency of outbreaks and lead to expansion in the range of insect pests, diseases and weed species. According to ILRI researchers (2008), climate change will affect livestock by changing the yield and nutrition quality of fodder, increasing disease and disease spreading insects, reducing water availability, and making it difficult to survive in extreme environments.
There are also evidences showing the interface between climate change and poverty in developing countries. Given Developing countries like Ethiopia is heavily dependent on agriculture, its high proportion of low- input, rain fed farming and existing stresses such as land degradation and population pressure, the impact of climate change is severe.
ASE realized the fact that the pressure over land resources is very high and impairing the livelihoods of millions of rural households, causing more poverty and continued food insecurity from which the country has not as yet recovered. And also appreciates that variations in climate have a highly tangible and often immediate impact on livelihoods and well being of poor and rural populations.
In recent times, the international community’s invested a lot of resources to combat the hazard. The Government of Ethiopia has taken a step and establishes a national committee, which is composed of relevant stakeholders including government and non-government actors. The government plan on green economy which builds on utilizing & expanding renewable energy is also another important document to be referred. Therefore, ASE will design appropriate strategy to mainstream climate change issues in its programs and join hands with local and international development partners to promote effective adaptation mechanisms.
However the immediate attention of ASE will be
- Strength aforestation programs in all its program areas
- Strengthen soil & water conservation works to ensure sustainable land management
- Introduce energy saving technologies
- Introduce solar and wind energy technologies as part of promoting clean energy in Ethiopia
- Impacting attitudinal & behavioral changes on the local community & relevant actors in the direction of sustainable climate solutions.
- Conducting climate changes audit (trend analysis) in the program woredas and support local authorities to develop long term strategic and action plans on climate change adaptation. Among other things this study include identification of local innovations in relation to adaptation, identify scientific knowledge that fits to the local context in terms of mitigating climate hazards, and developing 10 years climate adaptation indicative plan for the respective woreda (district).